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September 8, 2021 NIIKPU experts took part in the panel session “Digital transformation in the field of international and domestic Russian road transport. Prospects for the transition to electronic transport and customs documents ”, which took place in the framework of the COMTRANS, the largest exhibition of automotive technology in Russia and Eastern Europe.

The session was organized by the IRU and ASMAP. 

The General Director of ASMAP A.N. Kurushin. He noted that the events of the past year had a huge impact on all spheres of life, including road transport. The pandemic forced us to reconsider previous approaches, more actively use new formats, and switch to paperless document flow. Andrey Nikolaevich expressed the hope that digitalization in the transport sector will take into account the interests of both the state and carriers. 

Director of the Department of State Policy in the Field of Automobile and Urban Passenger Transport of the Ministry of Transport of Russia A.S. Bakirey informed the audience about the upcoming and already adopted regulatory legal acts aimed at introducing electronic document management in the field of road transport. Alexey Sergeevich noted that the main goal of these innovations is to reduce the costs of carriers and at the same time ensure state control over the use of documents at the proper level.

On January 1, 2022, Federal Law No. 336-FZ of July 2, 2021 comes into force, which amended the Charter of road transport and urban land electric transport, providing for the creation of a state information system of electronic transportation documents and establishing requirements for operators of the electronic document management system ...

The rules for the carriage of goods by road, approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of December 21, 2020 No. 2200, already provide for the possibility of using the bill of lading, purchase order, accompanying sheet and waybill in electronic form.

During the session, the representative of the Ministry of Transport of Russia also touched upon the topic of the electronic international road bill of lading eCMR. Several years ago, the Russian Federation joined the Additional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR) concerning the electronic consignment note. In the UN Economic Commission for Europe, within the framework of the specialized Working Group on road transport, this issue has been actively studied in recent years. But the work within the framework of the UN profile group is not yet at the final stage and the CMR contracting parties have yet to decide on a number of fundamental issues on the practical mechanisms for the practical application of eCMR electronic consignment notes. 

Mirlan Omuraliev - Assistant to the Chairman of the Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC), informed about the ecosystem of the EEC digital transport corridors and about the work being done in international organizations on the application and recognition of the electronic waybill. In particular, in October of this year. It is planned to hold a meeting of the UNECE Working Party on Road Transport, one of the main issues of which will be the intensification of work on the implementation of this document. Mirlan Zhumabekovich noted the important steps that have been taken in this direction, taking into account the successful implementation of a pilot project on the use of an electronic consignment note in transportation between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus. 

Managing Director of Sovtransavto Group of Companies Vladimir Tyan shared his opinion on the risks that may arise during the transition from paper to digital workflow. He also noted what an important role in the acceleration of the transportation process will play the digitization of transport, accompanying documents, as well as state documents issued to carriers currently by the relevant authorities in paper form, in particular, special permits for the transport of dangerous goods and the movement of large and (or) heavy vehicles. In terms of accelerating the implementation of international eCMR consignment notes, Vladimir Anatolyevich proposed to consider the option of combined use of this document within the framework of an international transport operation: at the initial part of the route, a regular CMR consignment note on paper is used, and, for example, on the territory of Russia (if appropriate conditions exist) its electronic is accepted analog, i.e. eCMR. For such a scheme, it is necessary to carry out additional work in the Russian Federation aimed at the recognition of electronic eCMR by regulatory authorities (FCS, FTS, etc.), as was done for the domestic Russian waybill.

Alexander Boreiko, General Director of Intellectual Transport Technologies LLC, acquainted the participants of the event with a presentation on the practical application of the electronic international bill of lading. He also informed about the work carried out by specialists in the field of information technology to ensure the implementation of the Agreement on international road traffic in transportation between the Russian Federation and the PRC in terms of creating a satellite monitoring system for the movement of vehicles carrying out transportation between Russia and China, based on GLONASS / BEIDOU technologies. The use of on-board devices is provided for by the specified intergovernmental agreement, will be mandatory in the near future for road transport between the Russian Federation and the PRC and has already been agreed by the competent authorities of the two countries. 

The main focus of the speech by Vyacheslav Vikentiev, Deputy Head of the IRU's Permanent Delegation in Eurasia, was made on the entry into force of the legal framework for the full digitalization of the TIR system (eTIR). He spoke about how the interaction between customs and business is organized in those countries where transport is carried out via eTIR. In addition, he touched upon issues that need to be resolved for the signing of agreements between countries regarding the use of eCMR. 

In conclusion, the speakers answered the topical questions of the representatives of transport companies who participated in the session.

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