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May 17, 2021 within the framework of the work of the RF CCI Committee on Energy Strategy, Director of NIIKPU N.V. Vezirov took part in a joint meeting of the RF CCI Committee on Energy Strategy and Development of the Fuel and Energy Complex, the Supreme Mining Council and the Academy of Mining Sciences on the issue: "On measures to implement the principles of low-carbon development in the mining industry and the procedure for regulating greenhouse gas emissions."

The event was attended by over 110 representatives of the industry business community. The joint session was moderated by Yuri Shafranik, Chairman of the RF CCI Committee on Energy Strategy and Development of the Fuel and Energy Complex.

Honorary Chairman of the Supreme Mining Council, head of the Fair Russia faction in the State Duma Sergei Mironov greeted the participants of the joint meeting, who assessed the current situation and prospects for the development of national legislation in the environmental sphere in general and recalled that in April of this year the State Duma was adopted in the first reading a draft law on limiting greenhouse gas emissions, which establishes a legal basis for obtaining complete and reliable information from organizations on greenhouse gas emissions.

Deputy Minister of Energy of the Russian Federation, member of the Supreme Mining Council Anatoly Yanovsky informed about the prepared "Strategy for the long-term development of the Russian Federation with low greenhouse gas emissions until 2050", the main goals of which are the country's transition to a diversified economic development trajectory with low greenhouse gas emissions; implementation of measures aimed at entering new emerging markets for "green" products, ensuring the achievement of synergistic effects from the implementation of the measures envisaged by the Strategy in relation to the goals of sustainable development of the Russian economy.

Dmitry Kurochkin, Vice President of the RF Chamber of Commerce and Industry, noted that innovative technologies, in particular carbon capture, can play a key role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. At the same time, the United States, Canada, Norway, Qatar and Saudi Arabia have already announced the creation of a new platform of oil and gas producing countries to implement the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement.

Then he dwelled on the main directions of development of the RF CCI system for the implementation of the agenda of low-carbon development of the domestic industry, in particular, noting that Russian industrial companies will need to implement low-carbon projects and, in this regard, the demand for energy-efficient equipment and low-carbon technologies will increase. Many chambers of commerce and industry have the necessary competencies to provide high quality services to Russian importers and exporters. He also said that convention and exhibition activities should receive an additional dimension in terms of promoting low-carbon goods and capital goods.

The market will quickly see a demand for certification and expertise of goods for "carbon intensity" and "carbon footprint", and here the RF CCI system with its experience and reputation in expertise and certification will be in demand. There are well-founded fears that national mechanisms for legal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions will be used for unfair competition in domestic and foreign markets. In this part, the rights of our manufacturers must be protected, and the RF CCI system, including its foreign representative offices, is capable of providing the necessary assistance to our enterprises in this direction, concluded Dmitry Kurochkin.

The main report was made by the General Director of NP "Mining Industrialists of Russia", Deputy Chairman of the RF CCI Committee on Energy Strategy and Development of the Fuel and Energy Complex, Professor Alexander Verzhansky, who noted that today the main task is to unify the markets of carbon units in the economic space of the Eurasian Economic Union and ensure connectivity with the markets of those countries to which products with a significant "carbon footprint" are exported (EU, PRC). Of course, this will significantly minimize the losses of Russian exporters in connection with the introduction of cross-border carbon regulation.

The position of the expert community was presented by: Head of the Center for Ecology and Development of the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the RF CCI Committee on Energy Strategy and Development of the Fuel and Energy Complex Sergey Roginko, Director of the Institute for Integrated Development of Subsoil Resources of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Valery Zakharov, Director of the Mining Institute NUST MISIS Alexander Myaskov, Chairman of the Kemerovo Scientific Center of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician Alexei Kontorovich, Head of the Center for Analysis and Innovation in Energy at the ERI RAS Yuri Plakitkin, Executive Director of Tula Mining Equipment Plant Sergey Solomatin.

As a result of the event, the participants noted the readiness of the expert community of miners to finalize the sectoral program and plans related to low-carbon development and the procedure for regulating greenhouse gas emissions with mandatory monitoring and analysis of performance results. The recommendations of the joint meeting will be promptly sent to the relevant government authorities.

According to the UN, virtually all of the world's leading economies have already developed long-term, low-carbon development strategies. For example, the US strategy suggests reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80% or more by 2050 (from the 2005 level), Japan - by 80% by 2050 from the 1990 level, and the EU's goal is carbon neutrality by 2050 (100%).

The problem is of particular relevance for the Russian economy, primarily for the fuel and energy complex and exporters.

In 2020, the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia prepared a strategy for the long-term development of the Russian Federation until 2050 with a low level of greenhouse gas emissions - it proposes a certain strengthening of the national goal of reducing emissions and launching tools for economic incentives for companies to reduce them. The baseline scenario assumes a decrease in the carbon intensity of GDP by 9% by 2030 and by 48% by 2050 (from the 2017 level) and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by a third by 2030 (from the 1990 level). The intensive scenario of the strategy allows the economy to be carbon neutral by the end of the 21st century.

A source: Department of project and investment activities of the RF CCI