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06.06.2019 in the framework of SPIEF 2019, experts from the NII KPU participated in the session “SCO Without Borders: Integration of Transport Infrastructure”.

Expanding and deepening cooperation in the field of transport in the SCO area is a necessary condition for realizing the potential of trade, economic and investment cooperation, reaching a new level of production and business activity throughout the Eurasian space, he stressed. But there are barriers, for example, different legislation, different procedures for registration and control. What tools are needed to effectively use the transport infrastructure? How to coordinate international transportation? The participants of the discussion searched for these questions.

The SCO Secretary General, Vladimir Norov, cited the following figures: the SCO is 60 percent of the territory of Eurasia, almost half of the total population of the earth, 6.3 trillion dollars in foreign trade. But - only $ 305 billion of trade within the SCO, that is, the potential is far from being fully utilized. There are many opportunities here, but for their realization good roads for the transportation of goods are needed, reliable docking of various types of transport and an established infrastructure, clear logistics, mutual recognition of driver's licenses, approximation of phytosanitary standards and customs procedures are needed. The total length of roads in the SCO countries is 13 million kilometers, which is 20 percent of the length of roads around the world. Development programs are there. Until 2025, the roads will have to be significantly expanded, new multimodal logistics centers will be built. The SCO Summit will be held in Bishkek in the near future, and much attention will be paid to the topic of transport there.

The forum participants spoke about the prospects and ways of developing transport infrastructure in the SCO space, about the digitalization of transport, the possibilities of integrated transportation management, the role of business in the implementation of the transport agenda for the development of the organization’s member countries.

Vladimir Bulavin, the head of the Federal Customs Service of Russia, touched upon the issue of interfacing transport corridors and creating conditions for the barrier-free movement of goods through the territories of the Organization’s countries without the participation of the customs services of the SCO member states.

Alexander Misharin, First Deputy Director General of Russian Railways, recalled that the SCO is also 244,000 km of railways, which account for more than 70 percent of the world's cargo turnover, and 28 percent on the account of Russian railways. Today, issues are being coordinated, it is necessary to establish a full-fledged mutual exchange of information in order to unite the SCO railways.

Olga Algaterova, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, spoke about the activities of the commission on the development of standards, norms and analysis of best practices in the field of transport. She appreciated the prospects for building a unified transport system of the SCO, noting that it will be a long work.

From the standpoint of business, Vyacheslav Saraev, General Director of PJSC TransContainer, shared his thoughts on creating a unified system of integrated transport management, citing as an example the experience of his company in the implementation of international transport within the SCO.

The general director of China Communications Construction Company Song Hailiang also spoke; Richard Trelfall - Partner, Global Infrastructure Manager KPMG (the company provides audit, tax and advisory services); President, Chairman of the Board of JSC United Transport and Logistics Company - Eurasian Railway Alliance, Alexey Grom; General Director of RT-Invest Transport Systems LLC, representative of the Association Digital Transport and Logistics Anton Zamkov.

They shared their views on how to overcome the shortcomings of the transport infrastructure, talked about a project to create multimodal digital international corridors, about upgrading the logistics infrastructure, the need for large investments.

Sergei Katyrin summed up the discussion, stressing, in particular, that all the topics raised at the forum are relevant, the transport issues in the SCO countries need to be resolved quickly and synchronously, large investments are needed, but today we need to work particularly actively at the legislative level to harmonize legislative requirements.

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